Colorectal cancer awareness month, Pin on medicine

Ovarian cancer month

Microglia: first responders in the central nervous system B. Catalin, A. Kirchhoff Microglia has emerged not only as an essential inflammatory cell but also as a major player in the development of the adult brain. Microglia phagocytize extra-numerical synapses during postnatal development, maintain and strengthen the remaining subset of synapses, remodel synaptic circuits and clearing apoptotic newborn neurons.

Thereby, microglia plays a crucial role for the establishment, plasticity and function of adult neural circuits. In addition to the key role in normal brain function, any imbalance in microglia activity has been associated with neurodegenerative diseases.

Microglial cells respond rapidly to smallest pathological changes, this being a vital aspect in many tissue scaring and the local confinement of focal lesions. It is assumed that the high motility of microglial cells represents an important requirement to fulfill the numerous functions.

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In this review will highlight the role of microglial motility in the healthy and the injured brain, and discuss how impairment of microglia motility can affect normal brain function. Colorectal cancer awareness month author: Alexander Cupido, PhD; e-mail: alexander. Dental pulp as a stem cell reservoir Andreea Cristiana Didilescu, M. Rusu, G. Nini Currently, much information is provided regarding the presence and the roles in tissue regeneration of stem cell niches residing in post-natal dental pulp.

So far, three types of adult stem cells have been isolated from dental pulp. Correct evaluation of these cells is important in order to determine their potential use in clinical fields. The present study aims to review the origins and immunophenotype of these cells.

Ovarian cancer month

The particularities of interstitial cells of the stem cell niches are also debated. The study group included 25 cases of liver metastases of colorectal cancer, diagnosed and surgically treated at "Sf.

Spiridon" University Hospital of Iassy, Romania. The expression of investigated markers revealed an increased staining variability. Ten different patterns of expression of the investigated markers have been identified.

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Study of the diagnosis and treatment of cancer located in the head and neck and correlation with expression of prognostic markers Fl. Badulescu, Adriana Badulescu, Anda Crisan, Florina Carmen Popescu A prospective study made by authors was initiated in in order to analyze differences in terms of response rate, overall survival and progression free survival for patients with advanced head and neck carcinoma treated with colorectal cancer awareness month vs.

Materials and Methods: LSD1 and RBP2 expressions were detected by immunohistochemistry in surgically resected samples from thyroid adenoma, papillary thyroid carcinoma and paracancerous tissues. Though the positive expression of both LSD1 and RBP2 can be used to estimate the potentiality of thyroid carcinoma and help for the adjuvant treatment, LSD1 is a more sensitive molecular marker than RBP2 on thyroid cancer diagnosis.

Comparative study of placenta acute fetal distress and diabetes associated with pregnancy V. Gheorman, Lavinia Gheorman, C. Ivanus, R. Pana, A. Goganau, Anca Patrascu The authors analyze the main histopathological changes of placentas from pregnancies ended with fetal distress at birth and the tasks associated with diabetes.

The parallel between the two types of placentas not trying to prove the existence of pathognomonic lesions. Are set out both the similarities between the two titles of placentas lesions such as changes in microcirculation and so on as well as particular aspects.

The authors analyze a group of 19 pregnant women hospitalized in Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of Emergency County Drontal plus giardia of Craiova, Romania, in September Septemberwho were born and who were diagnosed with diabetes.

In the same period, were studied 21 pregnant women whose pregnancy ended with the birth of a child with fetal distress. Such were identified as placental lesions suggestive of fetal distress as diverse etiology of placental vascular changes and the placenta in pregnancy associated diabetes as immaturity and vascular edema and fibrinoid changes and glycogen stores. The authors have proposed to highlight some lesions suggestive of two groups of diseases but independent groups were analyzed and conclusions were drawn after discussing results.

This study is justified by insufficient knowledge of the causes that lead to fetal distress regardless of its etiology. In conclusion, the authors mention both placenta's common changes as specifically changes colorectal cancer awareness month the placenta for each type of disorder. Morphological expression of the anterior spinal artery and the intracranial segment of the vertebral artery: a direct anatomic study L.

Ballesteros, P. Forero, I. Quintero Given its importance for clinical diagnosis and management, the purpose of this study was to determine the morphological expression of the intracranial segment of both vertebral and spinal arteries.

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Ninety-five fresh cadaveric specimens autopsied at the Instituto de Medicina Legal of Bucaramanga Colombia were perfused with polyester resins at the vertebrobasilar vascular bed, by canalizing the proximal segment of the internal carotids and vertebral arteries. The intracranial segment of the vertebral arteries VA had a length of The left vertebral artery had a caliber of 3.

The VA junction was seen at the level of the ponto-medullary sulcus in The anterior spinal arteries ASA had a bilateral origin in A right unilateral origin of the ASA was observed in There is disagreement in the literature as to the level of the junction of the two vertebral arteries. The unilateral origin colorectal cancer awareness month the spinal arteries is more que cancer es hereditario than most prior studies have indicated.

Margaritescu In this study, we have investigated the immunohistochemical expression of endoglin CDvascular endothelial growth factor VEGFepidermal growth factor receptor EGFR-1 and epidermal growth factor receptor 2 c-erbB-2 and their prognostic correlation in 13 cases of cervical adenocarcinomas with mucinous, endometrioid and serous type differentiation.

Our study revealed that for uterine cervix adenocarcinoma the most intense angiogenic activity occurs at the invasion front of these tumors. Thus, we concluded that in cervical adenocarcinomas occurs an intense process of angiogenesis, mainly at the invasion front, controlled by interrelations between VEGF and EGFR family members, especially the c-erbB-2 receptor. Further studies are needed to elucidate whether specific angiogenic molecular profiles exist in different histopathological subtypes of uterine adenocarcinomas and which is their impact on prognosis and therapeutic outcomes for these patients.

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Childhood rhabdomyosarcoma. Anatomo-clinical and therapeutic study on 25 cases. Surgical implications Smaranda Diaconescu, M. Burlea, Ingrid Miron, S. Miron Rhabdomyosarcomas RMS are the most frequent soft tissue sarcomas of childhood.

Despite advances in knowledge about biological pathways of tumorigenesis, risk stratification and multimodal treatment, the immediate and long-term prognosis of these lesions in many countries with limited resources is still poor.

September is Ovarian Cancer Awareness month papilom sub ochi la un copil

Patients and Methods: Twenty-five histologically confirmed pediatric RMS were recorded during the period of study. Demography, clinical presentation, diagnostic means, pretreatment staging and post-surgical grouping, histological type, therapy and outcome were evaluated. Results: The mean age was 6. Twelve lesions were localized in the genitourinary tract, eight in the trunk and extremities, two cases each in head and neck and retroperitoneum and one case in biliary tract.

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Primary surgical attempt was performed in 15 patients but only in nine of them underwent complete resection three with free margins other six cases colorectal cancer awareness month removal with residual disease.

In 10 cases, solely biopsy was possible. Twenty-four patients received chemotherapy but only four cases performed radiation therapy. Conclusions: As mean feature children from our series had late presentation with colorectal cancer awareness month extended bulky and node positive lesions and unfavorable sites.

Improved multimodal management of RMS in recent years will probably lead to better survival curves in an increasing number of cases and an outstanding outcome in children with locally advanced disease. Oral treatment of metabolic acidosis in hemodialyzed patients and the implications on the hemodynamic status I. Checherita, Colorectal cancer awareness month David, A.

Ciocalteu, I. Although, several clinical colorectal cancer awareness month experimental trials reported the major impact of metabolic acidosis on CKD evolution, the pathophysiology mechanism remains a matter of debate. Furthermore, international guidelines do not impose a specific treatment scheme for metabolic acidosis in CKD patients, and metabolic acidosis is not fully compensated once hemodialysis starts.

Therefore, the aim of our study was to determine an adequate follow-up of metabolic acidosis therapy benefits and risks in HD patients. Patients and Methods: HD patients were evaluated according to the following protocol: bioumoral laboratory tests, the measure of different important parameters residual diuresis, UF, BP, LVMI, volemia status.

The assessed data were statistic analyzed using non-paired Student's t-test for continuous variables and chi-square chi-square test for qualitative parameters p-value Corresponding author: Ionel Alexandru Checherita, MD, PhD; e-mail: fizij yahoo.

Colorectal cancer awareness month

Mitrut, Daniela Cernea, C. Georgescu, D. Olimid, Cl. Margaritescu, Daniela Dumitrescu In this study, we aimed to determine EGF, c-erbB-2 and EGFR expression in 25 specimens of intestinal gastric adenocarcinomas by standardized immunohistochemistry and to establish correlations with the major clinico-morphological parameters of these patients.

The EGF expression was significantly correlated with the tumor degree of differentiation, but not with other investigated clinico-morphological parameters and nor with c-erbB-2 and EGFR1 expression. However, we noticed the existence of a dependence between c-erbB-2 and EGFR1 expression in the main tumor mass. Such immunoprofile suggests the possible intervention of autocrine and paracrine loops in the developing of intestinal variant of gastric adenocarcinomas.

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Histological diagnosis and risk of renal vein thrombosis, and other thrombotic complications in primitive nephrotic syndrome M. Harza, G. Ismail, G. Mitroi, Mihaela Gherghiceanu, A. Preda, G. Mircescu, I. Sinescu Background: The risk of thromboembolic events is increased in patients with nephrotic syndrome NS as compared with other medical conditions and is a severe complication associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess the risk of renal vein thrombosis, and other venous thromboembolic events VTE in a large cohort of patients with NS and to identify the disease-specific risk for VTE.

Patients and Methods: We performed colorectal cancer awareness month prospective observational study including consecutive adult patients with primitive NS admitted to our department.

Clinical and biological data were obtained every six months during follow-up. Occurrence of VTE confirmed by imaging techniques was the primary study outcome. During follow-up, 23 VTE occurred, of which The disease-specific risk of VTE during the follow-up period was different across the histological groups, with the lowest risk in minimal change disease and IgA nephropathy and the highest in membranous nephropathy and membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis patients.

Conclusions: In this prospective study, colorectal cancer awareness month risk of VTE was higher in the first six months of follow-up in NS patients. The histological pattern seems to influence the risk of VTE in this setting. Microanatomic aspects of arterial blood supply in rectal carcinomas - predictive models M.

Hinganu, Delia Hinganu, L. Colorectal cancer awareness month Rectum is divided into three distinctive regions pelvic peritoneal, pelvic subperitoneal and perineal regarding the regions where it is crossing through. Those three parts are individually not only due to their relation but due to their blood supply, also.

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The differences occur among them when one of them is involved into a neoplastic process. Both types of pelvic rectal tumors behave quite in the same way but those involving perineal rectum are much different.

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This is because they purchase a smaller number of anastomosis; when a tumor monopolizes a wide vessel the possibility to grow and become a metastasis is much more likely. These two processes growth and metastasis are directly related to the size of its supplying artery.

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On the other hand, a pelvic rectal tumor is more likely to metastasis by blood flow then a perineal rectal one.

The last one will rather send clone cells by lymphatic drainage or will disseminate into the soft tissues around it.

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In this study, we want to propose an anatomical mathematical model for each of the rectal tumors, depending on their stages also. We used specimens from 24 patients and analyzed them using arteriography; we connected the results of mathematical counting of micro vessels density in a specific area with already known medical aspects regarding their diagnosis, treatment and evolution.

The goal of the study concerns the prognosis of the patients with or without surgical treatment and the example is useful in rectal tumors staging. Arsene, Cristina Iosif, G. Different procedures have been proposed for such evaluation. Materials and Methods: The mutation status of K-ras gene, codons 12, 13 and 61 was determined in CRC cases using the pyrosequencing assay.

Results: Using pyrosequencing, Most mutations were located in codon 12 All mutation identified by PCR-RFLP were confirmed by pyrosequencing and, in addition, one more mutated sample was identified in the subset of samples.

Conclusions: Both methods are highly specific and can profitably be used in the molecular diagnosis of colorectal cancer in order to establish the adequate therapy. Hairy cell leukemia - a rare type of leukemia.

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A retrospective study on 39 patients Amelia Maria Gaman Hairy cell leukemia HCL is a chronic B-cell lymphoid leukemia characterized by pancytopenia, splenomegaly, myelofibrosis and the colorectal cancer awareness month in peripheral blood, bone marrow and schistosomiasis pathogenesis of atypical lymphoid cells with a hairy aspect.

This is a retrospective analysis of 39 patients hospitalized in the Clinic of Hematology, "Filantropia" Municipal Hospital, Craiova, Romania, betweendevised by age, sex, and HCL type. Characteristic features of diagnosis including clinical features, laboratory data: complete blood cell count, differential count, peripheral blood and bone marrow infiltration with atypical lymphoid cells with cytoplasm fine prolongations, immunophenotyping of peripheral blood, bone marrow, spleen or lymph node biopsies with histopathological exams and immunohistochemistrytypes of therapy focused on IFN-alphacomplications infections, hemorrhage, autoimmune, second malignancies and survival rate were monitored.

Conclusions of the study revealed the importance of histopathology and immunohistochemistry for diagnosis, of the therapeutic options in the absence of purine nucleoside analogues, the most frequent complications and the decrease of their incidence correlated with therapy and increased count of neutrophils.

Anatomical description of the deep venous channel from the anterior vestibular wall of the right atrium F. Filipoiu, Mihaela Balgradean, I. Brezean, V. Jinga The deep venous channels in the walls of the right atrium are not routinely papiloame pe piele imagini in medical treatises although their existence has been remarked from some time.

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